Accidental plagiarism is often the result of poor note taking or improperly citing a reference when paraphrasing (read about: Confessions of an Accidental Plagiarist). Below are some resources for avoiding plagiarism and managing citations.
Understanding What Plagiarism Is and How to Avoid It
- Columbia’s Graduate School of Arts and Sciences website on academic integrity has compiled several of these: GSAS Resources
- Indiana University has created comprehensive tutorials and an exam regarding plagiarism. The exam may be a useful risk assessment tool. (Indiana University Resources)
- 28 Guidelines at a Glance from ORI
- Knowing and Avoiding Plagiarism During Scientific Writing by P. Mohan Kumar et. al.
Manage Sources and Citations Systematically
Sometimes plagiarism results from mismanaged or improper citation and source management. Citation management software can help avoid such problems. These tools help researchers keep track of sources and citations. An overview of various tools is available on Columbia's Library website. Many are free downloads with Columbia uni. Software providers have also published tutorials to help troubleshoot and utilize software to full potential:
Tutorials for using EndNote
For information on plagiarism in the context of research misconduct, please see RCT's misconduct webpage.
What's in a Picture? The Temptation of Image Manipulation by Mike Rossner and Kenneth M. Yamada [Specific for blots, gels, and micrographs]
- Description and Features
- Electronic Lab Notebook
- Free for any Columbia personnel with a valid UNI
- Includes controlled access
- Notebooks can be shared with individuals outside Columbia
- Version control
- Open Science Framework
- Description and Features
- A cloud-based collaboration platform
- Includes controlled access and version control
Instant feedback for your manuscript from Penelope - checks academic manuscripts written in Microsoft Word. In seconds, it assesses structure, declarations, statistics, referencing and other common reporting errors.
ARRIVE Guidelines (Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) The ARRIVE guidelines, originally published in PLOS Biology, were developed in consultation with the scientific community as part of an NC3Rs initiative to improve the standard of reporting of research using animals.
Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives: By Organization - This chart lists the major biomedical research reporting guidelines that provide advice for reporting research methods and findings (from NIH - NLM)
Columbia University Copyright Advisory Services is able to address issues surrounding the use of scholarly materials by faculty and students in the course of research, teaching and communicating scholarship.