Economic Sanctions and Restricted Parties
Economic Sanctions and Restricted Parties Topics
OFAC Sanctions Programs
The U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) maintains sanctions against certain countries, industries, entities and individuals. Certain countries are subject to comprehensive sanctions, while others are subject to targeted sanctions. Comprehensive sanctions prohibit transactions with a country’s government and virtually all other transactions, including exports/imports, involving the sanctioned country. Targeted sanctions prohibit transactions with specified industries, entities, or individuals listed on OFAC’s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Parties List or Consolidated Sanctions List (collectively, “SDNs”). Columbia University and its personnel are prohibited from engaging in transactions with SDNs without prior government authorization to do so.
- Central African Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Hong Kong
- South Sudan
- Ukraine / Russia
Although restrictions vary among sanctions programs, the following transactions are generally prohibited without an OFAC license -
- entering into contracts, agreements or research collaborations with SDNs
- making payments to or receiving payments from SDNs
- providing services / training to or receiving services / training from SDNs.
In addition to the above, exporting or importing items, information, or software to or from a sanctioned country may require a license from OFAC, the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security, or both.
If you propose to engage in any sort of transaction with an SDN, please contact Columbia’s Research Export Control Officer.
Failure to comply with U.S. sanctions regulations may result in substantial penalties. Criminal penalties for willful violations can include fines ranging up to $20 million and imprisonment of up to 30 years. Civil penalties for violations can include fines ranging up to $1,075,000 for each violation.
For a complete list of OFAC’s current sanctions programs, see OFAC’s Sanctions Program and Country Summaries website.
Other U.S. Restricted Party Lists
In addition to OFAC, other U.S. Government Agencies maintain Restricted Party Lists. Entities and individuals who appear on these lists are “restricted parties” and certain transactions with these restricted parties are prohibited. It is important to check these Restricted Party Lists prior to engaging in a transaction. Columbia University and its personnel are prohibited from engaging in certain transactions with restricted parties without prior government authorization to do so.
Engaging in prohibited transactions with parties included on Restricted Party Lists can result in significant civil and criminal penalties, including fines, debarment, and imprisonment.
The Office of Research Compliance and Training has compiled a list of restricted universities, colleges, schools and research institutions. You can use your Columbia credentials to access it here: Restricted Universities List. Although RCT updates the list periodically it may not include entities recently added to federal restricted party lists. For access to the complete and most up-to-date lists, please use Visual Compliance (see below) or search the Commerce Department’s Consolidated Screening List
If the entity or individual with whom you intend to deal is a restricted party, contact Columbia’s Research Export Control Officer.
Restricted Party Screening using Visual Compliance
Columbia’s online screening tool, Visual Compliance, allows you to quickly determine whether an entity or individual appears on OFAC’s SDN List, OFAC’s Consolidated Sanctions List, or other U.S. Restricted Party List. Contact Research Compliance & Training for information about opening a Visual Compliance account and attending a Visual Compliance training.
Information about using Visual Compliance, evaluating matches, dynamic screening alerts and escalation procedures is available in the following guidance.
Prohibition on Certain Chinese Telecommunications and Video Surveillance Services or Equipment (NDAA 889)
Section 889 of the National Defense Authorization Act of 2019 prohibits federal agencies from entering into contracts, including sponsored research contracts, with an entity that uses “covered telecommunications equipment or services” as a “substantial or essential component of any system” or as “critical technology as part of any system”. Section 889 also prohibits the use of federal loan or grant funds to procure or obtain covered telecommunications equipment or services. These prohibitions went into effect on August 13, 2020.
Section 889 also prohibits contractors from providing to the Government any equipment, system, or service that uses covered telecommunications equipment or services as a substantial or essential component of any system, or as critical technology as part of any system. This prohibition went into effect on August 13, 2019.
“Covered telecommunications equipment or services” are:
- Telecommunications equipment produced by Huawei Technologies Company, ZTE Corporation, or any subsidiary or affiliate of these entities;
- Video surveillance technology and equipment used for certain public safety, physical surveillance, or national security purposes and produced by Hytera Communications Corporation, Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Company, Dahua Technology Company, or any subsidiary or affiliate of these entities;
- Telecommunications or video surveillance services provided by any of the above-named entities or using the above-described equipment; and
- Telecommunications or video surveillance equipment or services of an entity that the U.S. Secretary of Defense reasonably believes to be owned or controlled by, or otherwise connected to, the government of the People’s Republic of China.
A list of the prohibited companies is available here.
A list of the prohibited companies’ subsidiaries and affiliates is available here (UNI login required).
For questions about NDAA Section 889, including questions about specific equipment or services, please contact:
Where to Go for Help
- If a transaction/ project involves activities in a country subject to comprehensive or targeted sanctions
- If a transaction/ project involves transactions with an entity or individual listed on OFAC’s SDN List, Consolidated Sanctions List, or other U.S. Restricted Party List
- For questions regarding opening a Visual Compliance account or conducting restricted party screenings