NIH has issued importance guidance that prohibits the use of ChatGPT or other similar programs in the peer review process:
NIH prohibits NIH scientific peer reviewers from using natural language processors, large language models, or other generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies for analyzing and formulating peer review critiques for grant applications and R&D contract proposals. NIH is revising its Security, Confidentiality, and Non-disclosure Agreements for Peer Reviewers to clarify this prohibition. Reviewers should be aware that uploading or sharing content or original concepts from an NIH grant application, contract proposal, or critique to online generative AI tools violates the NIH peer review confidentiality and integrity requirements.
For those of you who serve on NIH study sections, please be sure to abide by this requirement and all confidentiality obligations that govern peer review.
Please review NIH’s Notice No. NOT-OD-23-149, The Use of Generative Artificial Intelligence Technologies is Prohibited for the NIH Peer Review Process for more information. Thank you.